Obesity in dogs and cats is common and is often linked to the lifestyle of their masters. If you want to know if your furry is overweight, why it grows, and how to help lose weight, please read the following.
Superb or obese?
“It is in shape your dog. I can not make you fat mine! “What do you feed him? “This sentence is meant in people who ignore a well-coated body is not always synonymous with good health.
Suppose that the ideal weight of your dog is 15 kg, but now, it weighs 5 kg 20. These, too, represent 33% of its ideal weight when the weight is from 15 to 20% of baseline weight, as in this case, we are dealing with overweight. A simple way to realize it is to observe its coasts: they should not be visible, but it must be able to palpate. If you’re struggling to palpate, there is a good chance that your pet is overweight. There are sophisticated methods such as bone densitometry around the body, in addition to assessing overall bone mineral density, quantifies the body fat, and the distribution of pelvic fat.
Overweight occurs when energy intake exceeds energy expended to feed, move, sleep, or any other function, resulting in fat accumulation and weight gain. This weight gain is most often due to overeating to which is added a lack of exercise. So the first thing to do is to review the diet and eating habits and physical activity of your pet. Then, there should be a check-up to detect any endocrine diseases, such as hyperadrenocorticism, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, excessive growth hormone, and ovarian or testicular diseases.
Tendency to overweight
Apart from overeating and inactivity, there are other factors that promote weight gain:
- Genetics: the following breeds tend to grow: basset hound, beagle, labrador, golden retriever, cocker spaniel, basset, collie, and some terriers. The Crusaders cats are more likely to grow than purebred dogs, except for Manx.
- Disease: apart from hormonal disorders mentioned above, respiratory, cardiovascular, and musculoskeletal limit physical activity and thus promote overweight.
- Spaying /neutering: neutered pets are more likely to become obese as they reduce their physical activity, require fewer calories, but continue to eat as before.
- Drugs: progesterone, megestrol acetate, corticosteroids, phenobarbital, and primidone can increase appetite and promote overweight.
Diet and Exercise
If you want to help them lose weight, start by reducing their intake. The diet foods sold commercially, reduced-calorie, moderate in fiber are perfect, while home systems or standard systems commercially available may not contain important nutrients and result in nutritional deficiencies. In cats, avoid drastic reductions in food as this can affect the liver.
We all know the hairy beggars who, every time they see you, you make dumbstruck, and you climb over that you give them a little room. This attitude may seem overwhelming, but prefer what is truly healthy for your pet and avoid :
- sweets, candy, and snacks
- systematically fill his plate
- to feed him anytime and anything
- give it remains rich in ingredients harmful to health such as sauces, spicy foods, bread and flour in general
Moreover, we must adjust the level and type of exercise depending on the breed, age, and health of your pet. The inactivity and confinement in cages or confined spaces promote overweight. The dogs need a walk 20 or 30 minutes twice a day. Your backyard or garden, as great as it is, is not ideal because it is a familiar and often linked to the rest area. Being of a curious nature in the wild, they would travel in packs in search of food, exercise, and games. In addition, the walk outside the home promotes mental stimulation, and they come back and happy and tired Fundamental to fight against the stress of confinement and routine and improve their behavior at home.
As for the cats, change their toys , treat them with playmates and place of locations suitable for them to jump, play, and keep watch.
And finally, if there is an underlying disease, it must be treated or controlled by the veterinarian.
It is better to prevent obesity because it causes other diseases.