Pet First Aid: How to treat open wounds

Having a pet goes beyond the care and food that can bring. Learn first aid can save you more of a concern, especially if your pet is a little curious or adventurous.

Sometimes our companion has a strong temperament, or unsociable, extremely curious, or perhaps too adventurous by taking unnecessary risks. 

If any of these adjectives apply to your pet, you should know how to react in an emergency to avoid panicking in backlight at home with his head bad days and a wound or a scratch.

The simple fact that these mammals, but NOT human, always keep in mind that our medicines can sometimes hurt them and even be toxic and harmful to their body.

First aid kit

It can be very helpful always to have available a kit first aid for pets. In addition to always have it on hand at home in case of emergency of any kind, you may feel somewhat reassured (e) knowing that dressed.  

Among the elements essential for emergencies of this type, you must have alcohol, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, gauze pads, elastic bands, adhesive tape, saline, tips scissors rounded, disposable latex gloves, refine, and gel or aerosol for killing larvae.

Moreover, regardless of the breed or the size of your dog or your cat, always you have a towel that is in him, a collar, a leash, and a muzzle. 

Regardless of the confidence you have in your pet, or how much it can be mild, the worst of his character may occur when alcohol touches his wound, and it is better than cure a new wound (this time on you) so that everything goes as planned.

How to treat?

Whether male or female, of a small and large animal, the first thing to do is to maintain the animal firmly. Ask for help from another person who can support you to care without too much stress. 

When it comes to a dog, after he put the muzzle , the person helping you must surround his chest with one arm and pressing hard against his chest, putting a hand on his neck, and the other arms must support the back to prevent it from escaping, jumps or moves, leaving free the other side where is located the wound to heal .

When it comes to a cat, it is also advisable to ask for help from another person in order to avoid being confronted with any negative reaction from your friend injured. One method that can help you a lot while care is to wrap it in a towel as if it was a capon wrapped or covered her whiskers and face, leaving appear the wound. 

Another method to immobilize the dog as a cat is to catch them firmly by the scruff of the neck, which does not cause them physical pain and keeps motionless for a moment, but they can be affected aftercare emotionally. 

The second step in both cases is to clean the wound area by cutting the hair around. This will prevent an infectious factor retrospectively. For example, the wound is closed with hair inside. You can do this with blunt tip scissors or razor blades, new and preferably disposable. 

Then, clean the wound, what you can do with liquid soap diluted in water or saline, and using sterile gauze and syringe with clean water. The goal is to remove any dirt to prevent the wound becomes infected. It is important to ensure that there is no soap residue inside the wound.

The next step is to disinfect the wound with iodine or diluted hydrogen peroxide, to apply to heal and, finally, an ointment to kill the larvae as preventive.  

If there is a deep wound, it is advisable to first bandage with sterile gauze compresses and maintain with gauze or an adhesive bandage and then take our friend to the vet for more guidance and possible stitches. 

If there is a superficial wound, it is best to let it dry in the open air, so it heals faster.

The ideal is to follow this procedure once a day until the wound is completely closed, and to facilitate healing, feel free to use the collar.

These wounds bother our pets, and their instinct will lead them to lick to soothe the pain with their saliva, which can cause poisoning by ingestion of disinfectant and thus slow the healing process.

What to AVOID

  • If the wound is in an area of mucous or nearby, such as the ears, nose, eyes, or a reproductive organ, it is not advisable to use alcohol to clean the area. It is better to use a less aggressive disinfectant and then consult the veterinarian.
  • Try to suture our friend. If the wound is deep, the best thing to do is to perform general cleaning and then consult a professional. 
  • Trust the character of our pet. In these cases, you do not know what his instinct can control him. So do not put a muzzle or do not properly would be of great irresponsibility that could cost you dearly. 
  • Use cotton to clean the wound. Fibers may remain embedded in the skin without that, you can see them, but that will be detected by the immune system. This can cause an infected wound and difficult to treat.

This information is applicable for both first aid treatment for post-operative. In both cases, the best thing to do will always be to ask your trusted veterinarian.

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